Víctor Raúl Sánchez-Mendoza
Since community participation is a tool implemented by many goverments around the world to face the phenomenon of insecurity in their urban and rural spaces, this article sims to identify the existence of empirical evidence regarding the implementation of mechanisms for the participation of citizens, usually by police agencies but, also about population’s expectations for such programs and the possible effectiveness of such efforts. The existence of articles published in scientific journals compiled through repositories and databases was explored in a number of 1 282, based on certain initial criteria, from which inclusive and exclusive conditions were determined, to finally evaluate a total of 33 articles published in journals indexed in Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest and Tandfonline. From the analysis of the collected data, it was possible to conclude that community participation is a self-defense reaction of citizens that rarely arises spontaneously from them, but is promoted by governments or other organizations, which makes it sensitive to various limitations that may reduce its effectiveness, so a path to investigate is generated.
Pág. 297-308, 14 May