Rolando Román Solís Solís, Vilma Marlene Aguilar Chuquival, Mirella Gildica Molina Riveros, José Jorge Rodríguez Figueroa, Orlando Quispe Romero
This article analyzes the Role of the Armed Forces (FFAA) in Latin American countries in recent years. This analysis used the systematic review methodology, carrying out a review of thirty (30) scientific articles from the years 2019-2023, from the Scopus (06), Scielo (20), ProQuest (02), Ebsco (01) and Redalyc (01) databases, and whose discussion allowed the stated objective to be fulfilled. The objective of this research was to analyze the existence of the traditional role of the Armed Forces in Latin America compared to the incorporation of new roles from a multidimensional security vision; The results indicate that the traditional role of the Armed Forces of defending the homeland and the sovereignty of the national territory, in the majority of Latin American countries, is supported by their Political Constitutions and immersed in the minds of their population, who see the Armed Forces as their defenders and guarantors of the independence and sovereignty of their countries. In conclusion, this systematic review highlights that the traditional role of the Armed Forces arises from the very existence of the State, since its survival depends on the protection of its borders and its sovereignty, representing the pride and feelings of its population, and likewise, highlights that it is necessary to make both an organizational and legal change in the States, which allows them to include new non-traditional roles within the framework of multidimensional security, which is a reality in the world that cannot be ignored.
Pág 2408-2415, 13 Oct