Carlos Alberto Nieto Cañarte, Macías Suárez Jordán Hernán, Víctor Manuel Guamán Sarango, Byron Andres Burgos Carpio
The general objective of the research was: Evaluate the climatically suitable areas in current and future conditions for the establishment of raft plantations in pastures as a silvopastoral initiative in the Ecuadorian Amazon. The research was carried out in the Ecuadorian Amazon, which is made up of six provinces: Sucumbíos, Orellana, Napo, Pastaza, Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe. The research is descriptive and explanatory, using the analytical, deductive and synthetic method; A spatial modeling was carried out using GIS software of parameters such as temperature, precipitation, elevation and texture, to determine the most favorable areas for the establishment of the pond in grass, an agroecological zoning of the Ecuadorian Amazon was carried out. The results show that the majority of the provinces of the Ecuadorian Amazon are within the optimal edaphoclimatic parameters for the establishment of raft cultivation on grass; But the zoning showed that the province of Morona Santiago is the one with the largest territory with high suitability for this crop, being the province of Napo, which does not present high suitability and is only located in medium suitability. The proposal is aimed at soil conservation through the use of sustainable processes. It is concluded that the Amazon can host grass rafting within the indicated areas, but it must be carried out by trained professionals with knowledge on the subject.
Pág. 167-178, 26-Dec,