Luis Alberto Ordóñez Sánchez, Karina Milagros Ordóñez Ruiz, Karla Luz Mendoza López, Ana Noemí Sandoval, Víctor Hugo Ordóñez Sánchez, Jorge Max Navarro Reátegui, Bances Zapata Estela, Victor Hugo Oblitas Quiroz

DOI: 10.59427/rcli/2023/v23cs.3434-3448

The object of the investigation is to record the state of the social, productive and environmental issues of the community of Churuzapa, Lamas, as a reference for other similar communities. For the productive valuations of the plots, the information was provided by the producers, through files and surveys. For the assessments of environmental services of biomass and carbon capture of the plots, field work was carried out on the plots of the same producers surveyed, recording the weight of the dry biomass; the total carbon and apparent density of their soils. In a communal assembly, in the public square, the authorities informed the community of the execution of the research project; Then, in the same act, voluntarily, the sixteen producers signed up to be part of the study. The results show that the average age of the producers is 46 years. The average surface area of the plots is 2.51 hectares. 81% of the plots have title deeds. The dry weight of herbs is 1573 kg ha-1. The dry weight of leaf litter from various crops is 926 kg ha-1. The current socioeconomic environmental status of the agricultural plots of Churuzapa is S/.2126975 soles ($574858 USA; t.c: 3.7). Average crop profit: rice 7.37%; citrus 19.9%; banana 30.1%; beans 0.12%; cassava 26.3%; corn 18.6%; fruit trees 45.7%, with 21%. In circumstances of productive financing for these crops, with 12% Social Discount Rate (SDR), the IRR is around 20%, which would be the percentage of benefit or loss that said investment would entail. There is no significant difference between the productive valuation and the socioeconomic status in agricultural plots of Churuzapa (p>0.05) ; likewise, the positive assessment is not much related to the environmental socioeconomic status, because it is only related to a part of the economic production of crops, but not to the other factors; Therefore, the degree of correlation between both variables is 0.286; which is positive low. But, there is also no significant difference between environmental assessment and socioeconomic status in Churuzapa agricultural plots (p= 0.036); The environmental assessment of carbon is only being considered as a reference, although the Spearman degree of correlation is significant (0.786), demonstrating that the environmental part is related to the socioeconomic status of Churuzapa.

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