Gladyz Noemí Valdiviezo Villegas, Nolberto Arnildo Leyva Aguilar, Walter Jesús Nontol Nontol

DOI: 10.59427/rcli/2024/v24cs.884-894

The objective of the research was to apply a problem-based learning program to develop investigative skills in basic education students, secondary level in Peru. Applied research, which opted for the quantitative approach, with a quasi-experimental design with pre and post-test, 36 students participated in the experimental group and 37 in the control group, using the observation guide to measure the independent variable and the questionnaire of questions to measure the dependent variable, instruments that were validated by five experts, and also had Cronbach’s alphas greater than 0.920. The results showed that the applied program allowed the students in the experimental group to go from a 100% level of achievement at the beginning in the pretest to a 41.6% level achieved in the posttest. In addition, the proposed hypotheses were tested through the U and Wilcoxon tests, which demonstrated adequate levels of significance both at the level of independent samples and related samples. Concluding that the problem-based learning program significantly influences both the investigative competence variable and its cognitive, procedural and communicative dimensions.

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