Gustavo Alfredo Fernández Asqui, Roger Maquera Lupaca, David Tito Diaz
The objective of this study was to describe the current state of municipal solid waste management in developing countries in Latin America, which is reflected in the scientific results of research on this topic; the type of research was essentially non-experimental and the research design was a systematic review of other research. The scientific literature analyzed covers the years from 2020 to 2022 and provides information on waste management; 13 research papers that provide information on waste management were analyzed. The review shows that a similar approach is being used in solid waste management, but the system is still in its infancy. In addition, there are disparities in municipal spending and inadequate implementation of environmental policies at the local level. The waste management processes generated in the different urban and rural sectors in the environment; it was possible to identify that there are aspects pending implementation for an integrated waste disposal. In conclusion, although some progress has been made, waste management in Latin America is still at an initial stage, requiring a systemic and integral approach to move towards sustainable models.
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