Marcela Reyes Zea, Danny Dominguez Pillaca, Ronald Dominguez Pillaca
The leadership of the principal in school management is a critical element in the pursuit of continuous improvement in education. This article presents a comprehensive literature review that delves deeply into the approaches, theories, and effects of principal leadership in educational contexts. The purpose of this research is to provide an overview of the current academic literature and highlight its relevance to educational practice and decision-making in schools. The methodology used includes the systematic search for sources in academic databases, online libraries, and academic repositories. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to select the most relevant sources, and a critical analysis was conducted for each of them. The review encompasses a wide range of leadership approaches, from transformational leadership to distributed leadership, and highlights the diversity of theoretical and practical models in the field. The results of the review underscore the importance of principal leadership in achieving academic success for students and promoting a positive school culture. The need to adapt leadership approaches to specific contexts is emphasized, and the importance of collaboration and effective communication in school management is noted. In the conclusions, the significance of school leadership for continuous education improvement is highlighted, as well as the diversity of available approaches and models. The need for ongoing research and strong professional development for principals is emphasized, along with the importance of effective educational policies that support school leadership.
Pág 972-980, 08 Feb