Elmer Gendrau Acho, Alexander Masías Benavides Román, Alejandro Sabino Menacho Rivera, Gerardo Francisco Ludeña González, Nilton Isaías Cueva Quezada

DOI: 10.59427/rcli/2024/v24cs.1382-1390

The objective of this article was to analyze the right to dignity and the euthanasia procedure as part of the legal nature of human dignity. The methodology used was a narrative bibliographic review under a qualitative approach. The documentary analysis method was used, based on the regulatory framework of comparative law and other documents such as articles and doctoral theses, which were in the specialized databases of Scopus, Scielo, Dialnet. The Euthanasia procedure is presented as an external institution and unrelated to the aforementioned fundamental right. Likewise, it will be described how the State, through public service, becomes the guarantor of the right to dignity in patients with terminal illnesses. The results show a position against euthanasia, based on respect for life and human dignity. The importance of considering terminal patients as valuable human beings and not as a social burden is highlighted. Concluding that the right to dignity is based on respect for the person as an end in itself, and that euthanasia contradicts this principle by considering the human being as a social burden.

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