Michael Jefferson Zubiat Aguilar, Lissette Conde Caro, Gerardo Francisco Ludeña González, Nilton Isaias Cueva Quezada

DOI: 10.59427/rcli/2024/v24cs.1591-1598

The objective of this research was to analyze the ethical, legal and regulatory implications of conscientious objection in health personnel in Peru. A qualitative approach and documentary analysis were employed, using sources indexed in databases such as Dialnet, Scielo, Scopus and Web Of Science. Conscientious objection in ethics encompasses diverse perspectives, from a fundamental moral right to a conditional right to protect patients, reflecting variability in its conception and application. In health and education, it is recognised as a right to protect ethical convictions, generating challenges in its implementation and requiring regulation to ensure equity, especially in the protection of women’s rights in reproductive health and balance with patient care in the setting. Conscientious objection is a fundamental right that reflects the diversity of ethical, legal and social approaches, highlighting its importance in protecting ethical convictions and individual autonomy, although it faces challenges in its regulation, especially in health and education. It requires a clear regulation in reproductive health that protects women’s rights and balances medical care with personal convictions, considering ethical, legal and human rights aspects to ensure an adequate balance between individual freedom and the quality of health services.

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